AMUX members on a guided visit to the restored windmills
For photos see: Photo gallery
Saturday (February 14) The three windmills on La Plana de Sant Jeroni above Xàbia, recently restored by Xàbia Town Hall with the participation of Xàbia Viva, were visited last Saturday (February 14) by members of the AMUX (Amics del Museu de Xàbia). The guided visit was followed by lunch at the Restaurant l’Almanacer.
Guided by Joaquim Bolufer, municipal archaeologist and director of the Museum of Xàbia, about 50 AMUX members learnt about the history and construction of the windmills and looked at the restoration work. There are 11 windmills in total, constructed at different times between the 14th and 18th centuries and in use until the beginning of the 20th century. They are an important group both on the Mediterrean coast and the Iberian Peninsula
" The eleven Windmills of “La Plana” district, one windmill dates back to the 14th Century and the remaining ones from the 18th Century. The windmills of “La Plana” district have a cylindrical form with height of approx. 7 m and a diameter of over 6 m.
The interior has two floors, a ground floor used as a warehouse and an upper floor, buttressed by an ashlar sandstone vault with quarter-sphere shell niche which housed sturdy Kermes oak wooden mechanisms which moved the heavy millstones and supported the windmill blades fastened to a horizontal axis. This all disappeared at the end of the 19th Century.
Today, they are abandoned without blades. Their function was to mill the wheat, taking advantage of the wind energy to move the windmill blades. Of this numerous set, three are municipally owned and their restoration and recovery has been planned. " -
Xàbia Town Hall tourist portal